East Oakland And Fruit Vale A Land Of Health And Homes Pdf
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Fruitvale Medical Building, International Boulevard,. Oakland, CA,
- East Oakland, Oakland, California
- Oakland Housing and Community Benefits
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As the southeastern portion of the city, East Oakland takes up the largest portion of the city's land area.
Listen Listening Oakland Voices correspondent Kat Ferreira lives near the remains of the Ghost Ship warehouse—where 36 people died in a fire in December. She brings us this story about how a new mural is helping some neighbors process the tragedy and move on. While many living in warehouses are worried they could lose their homes, those affected most immediately were the almost two dozen people who lived at the Ghost Ship. They woke up the morning after the fire, to find themselves homeless.
East Oakland, Oakland, California
As the southeastern portion of the city, East Oakland takes up the largest portion of the city's land area. According to figures from a U.
Census , over 87, people reside in the East Oakland area. It generally has a diagonal layout. East Oakland has numbered avenues 1st to th that run northeast to southwest, and numbered streets East 7th to East 38th that run northwest to southeast. Interstates and also run northwest to southeast. Main northwest—southeast thoroughfares include East 14th Street renamed International Blvd. Main northeast-southwest thoroughfares include Fruitvale Ave.
East Oakland is a section of Oakland that has experienced many changes to its population as the West attracted immigrants in search of employment. Oakland was declared a city in where it was prominently populated by people who made it to the west during the Gold Rush.
By , Oakland had the largest African American population in the East Bay because it tripled in the previous decade as a result of fires and earthquakes in the surrounding areas.
In the s, East Oakland was restricted from ethnic minorities unless they worked as servants for the white. Those who did not work as servants were hit by the Great Depression in the late s and early s which caused employment to drop by 41 percent in three years. Along this road, small settlements developed such as Melrose, Elmhurst and Fitchburg. All these were annexed by the city of Oakland after the San Francisco earthquake.
Both Foothill Boulevard and MacArthur Boulevard, which run through the heart of East Oakland, were a part of the Lincoln Highway , the first transcontinental highway, from until Because this was shortly after the great depression, many people were unemployed and looking for work, which was in abundance in the Oakland shipyard.
In the city, there was push back from the Apartment House Owners Association and the Real Estate Board to build more housing so there were only five hundred public housing units built which also resulted in the destruction of other temporary housing units which displaced a large number of immigrants who had been living in them. In the s and s, many areas of East Oakland still remained predominantly white. After the war, MacArthur Blvd. In the Economic Development Administration EDA declared that they would no longer fund large businesses or facilities but rather focus on creating jobs for the unemployed and poor, which in Oakland meant the ethnic minorities.
A few years later, in , California passes Proposition 13 which prevented African Americans from expanding their public zone with the property taxes, which caused the value of the area to significantly decline as the whites moved out.
This is one example of gentrification that has occurred in the city and makes the cost of living higher in the city so the original residents are forced to relocate to the poor, underserved surrounding areas.
With the new availability of jobs created by the EDA, between and more Latino and Asian primarily Cambodian , Lao , and Chinese immigrants moved to Oakland and specifically Central East Oakland because of how cheap the cost of living was compared to the city. That same time saw a decline in the African American population between 17 and 31 percent. With the increase of the population between and the number of households in the area increased by 3.
The residents work in all kinds of job areas including service, sales, transportation, construction, and even management and professional positions while 9. Asians saw a smaller amount of the population without education with Hip hop culture is associated with East Oakland. It is known within the hip hop community as "Oaktown", "O-Town," old school names or currently, "The Town". The prostitution, violence and drug culture of the region spawned a new subgenre of hip hop by the late s.
Rappers like Too Short incorporated drugs, violence, prostitution and gang life into their music, in sharp contrast to much of the East Coast hip hop of the day.
Too Short was also one of the first rap artists to promote and sell records independently and is one of the pioneers responsible for the birth of Northern California's independent hip hop scene; leading other artists to pursue success in the music industry without the assistance of a major record company. The sound of the music was different from East Coast hip hop, which is known for its technique of sampling and looping to create a song. Instead, funk and blues were infused with synthesizers and drum machines, giving birth to the Bay Area hip hop sound known as Mobb music.
Today, mainstream hip-hop continues to lyrically and musically incorporate much of what was pioneered in East Oakland. Elmhurst was originally a separate town, it was annexed by Oakland in , and today is considered part of East Oakland. Although it was historically a white working-class neighborhood, it became predominantly African American after World War II, and today, Latinos now form about half of Elmhurst's population.
Elmhurst was the site of one of the large carbarns for the Key System 's streetcars, the Elmhurst Carhouse. Chevrolet opened an auto assembly plant in Elmhurst in , which shut down in the s. Located near the Oakland International Airport. The main streets are 98th Avenue and Edes Avenue. The Brookfield District is located from 85th Avenue to 98th Avenue. Brookfield Village was built during the early s. It later had a home-building boom during World War II in response to the influx of workers needed for the war industries, on land which had been zoned for industrial uses.
East Oakland experiences a lower life expectancy, relative to nearby neighborhoods like Alameda County, approximating 72 years. Amongst the heavily populated races present within Oakland , Hispanics lead in life expectancy, averaging 82 years. African Americans and Whites typically average 67—68 years within Oakland, while Asians live nearly 78 years.
Conversely, there is a high all-cause mortality rate amongst the East Oakland community, leading in cancer, stroke, heart disease, and homicide death rates.
Adults in East Oakland are more likely to visit emergency rooms than go to doctor's visits within the past year than many other counties in the Bay Area and in the entire state of California. Heart disease, leading in chronic diseases amongst elders, accounts for over 19, hospitalizations each year. East Oakland ranks amongst the lowest communities to provide healthcare coverage to adults and children.
The average family household enrolled in health insurance amongst Hispanics is approximately people. Along with the socioeconomic disparities that people in East Oakland face, is the issue of food scarcity. East Oakland is considered a food desert because of the lack of access to affordable, healthy, fresh food. Some studies have found that food was considered one of the highest priorities and came second to shelter. The people were more concerned about getting enough food that they would not starve rather than focusing on the nutrition of what they were eating.
With the changes in state funding to housing and the movement of impoverished groups in the s, East Oakland became an area where poorer people lived which also resulted in a major loss of industry as businesses and markets started to close down and relocate to more financially sustainable areas.
Additionally, the majority of the population of East Oakland are Latinos and African Americans, both groups who have higher predisposition to alcohol-related diseases. YPAR 2. By going across East Oakland and classifying it as a food desert and critiquing the limited access to healthy food, they pushed for liquor and corner stores to have fresh produce and nutritious staple foods visible and affordable to the members of the community.
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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This article's lead section may be too short to adequately summarize its key points. Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. December Neighborhood of Oakland. View of East Oakland from Maxwell Park. Main article: Elmhurst, Oakland, California.
Main article: Brookfield Village, Oakland, California. October Western Historical Quarterly. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. Retrieved Berkeley: University of California Press. June The Canadian Geographer. Statistical Atlas. Oakland Tribune. The California Court of Appeals has denied the Oakland Housing Authority's bid to overturn a ruling favoring a group of Lockwood Gardens tenants accused of bribing their way up a lengthy public housing waiting list.
Oakland Museum of California. Archived from the original on Roots Community Health Clinic. American Journal of Epidemiology. East Oakland Building Healthy Communities. KQED Inc. Retrieved March 19, Public Health Reports. The California Endowment.
Life and Death from Unnatural Causes. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. Bay Area News Group. East Bay Times. Neighborhoods in Oakland, California.
Oakland Housing and Community Benefits
The goal is to create more homes that families can afford; better jobs for local residents; protections for tenants facing rising rents; and more frequent and affordable bus service that gets people where they need to go. Recently, Oakland is experiencing a wave of development and city planning aimed at drawing high-tech businesses and high-earning residents. We must remain vigilant and active if we want to preserve Oakland as a vibrant, multi-ethnic community open to people from all rungs of the economic ladder. Oakland residents are living at ground zero for big changes in land use, housing development, transportation, and jobs. For too long, disadvantaged communities in Oakland have experienced public and private disinvestment. OCIA is currently fighting for approval of an impact fee that would require developer contributions to fund affordable housing, transit improvements, and capital improvements, and is in the process of developing other citywide policy campaigns.
This tent camp is nestled between a freeway, rail tracks and a Burger King near the Fruitvale section of Oakland. Homelessness is a vexing national problem, but nearly half of the country's unsheltered homeless live in one state: California. Gavin Newsom has vowed to make to make solutions his top priority, calling homelessness in the Golden State "a disgrace. Newsom has also floated the idea of making additional housing and shelters a legal requirement, not a policy option, for California's cities and counties. But there's widespread concern and confusion over how any mandate, if it happens, could actually work. And local governments are calling for details, flexibility and a more robust, coordinated strategy. How is that accountability held?
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By Eric K. When economic interests and the criminal justice system intersect, the impacts are often detrimental to people of color. Gang injunctions are a perfect example. A growing trend in law enforcement since the s, these civil court proceedings circumvent the due process afforded by criminal cases, in particular, the right to an attorney and therefore, are rarely defended.
The resulting map shows elevated levels of air pollution in many parts of East Oakland. From the map, you can see that I Nimitz Freeway , a major transportation route serving the Port of Oakland and Oakland International Airport, features significantly higher levels of air pollution. Other areas of East Oakland with elevated levels of pollution include the busy road corridors shown below, where a number of commercial and industrial facilities are close to residential areas and public spaces. Our map echoes the findings in a community-based participatory research study [PDF] by Communities for a Better Environment, which found high levels of air pollution along the same roadway, with measurements higher than state and federal standards. The study area is densely populated and includes many places where vulnerable populations gather [PDF], such as schools, senior centers and hospitals, as shown in a baseline by CBE.
Call to reserve a lunch, walkins OK too, must be able to fill out intake form. The meal programs will be open Monday and Thursday between 8 a. Middle School. This site includes links to apply for unemployment, disability, family leave, and other service updates.
In response to these two comment solicitations, EPA received a total of approximately pages of comments from 40 respondents including representatives of nonprofit organizations, universities, community development corporations, federal and local governments, regional councils, and businesses.