Encyclopedia Of Latin American History And Culture Pdf Writer
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Latin American literature
Indeed indigenismo generally connotes a stance of defense of Indians against abuse by non-Indians, such as criollos and mestizos, and although this defense can take a variety of often-contradictory forms, it stems from a recognition that indigenous peoples in colonial and modern Latin America have suffered injustice. The period — marks the heyday of modern indigenismo. Anthropologists played a central role in the development of modern indigenismo, and indigenismo flourished in literature and the performing and visual arts. It is specific to Latin America and can be found in practically all modern countries in the region. What are the basic tenets of indigenismo? Despite this variation, indigenismo retains several stable features across time and place. The first of these concerns its object: indigenismo is about native peoples and their situation in Latin America—what it is and what it should be.
In its most expansive sense, Latin American philosophy is philosophy produced in Latin America or philosophy produced by persons of Latin American ancestry who reside outside of Latin America. It is typically taken to exclude philosophy produced in non-Iberian former colonies, with the occasional exception of former French colonies in the Caribbean. The first two refer specifically to the philosophy of former Spanish colonies, the third to that of former Iberian colonies, and the fourth to the philosophy produced in the United States by descendants of Latin Americans. Latin American philosophy is usually taken to have originated around , when Spanish conquerors founded the first schools in Latin America and began to teach and publish philosophical treatises. Recently, there has been an effort on the part of historians to include pre-Columbian thought in Latin American philosophy, although the pre-Columbian texts cited are often fragmentary and religious in tone and intention.
Latin American Philosophy
Latin American feminism, which in this entry includes Caribbean feminism, is rooted in the social and political context defined by colonialism, the enslavement of African peoples, and the marginalization of Native peoples. Latin American feminism focuses on the critical work that women have undertaken in reaction to the forces that created this context. At present, the context is dominated by neoliberal economic policies that, in the environment of globalization, have disproportionally impacted the most vulnerable segments of society. Latin American feminism broadly encompasses multiple positions, many of which are in tension with each other. The diversity of feminisms is owed to the various regions and their histories which demanded social, cultural, governmental, and organizational transformations in their own capacities. Hence, the present discussion of the general concept of Latin American feminism methodologically necessitates historical sensitivity to apprehend the intimate relationship between the development of different ideas and the heterogeneous political conditions that give rise to them. In the United States, tracing the history of Latin American feminism and its ideas is an urgent task.
Hispanic American Literature
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Latin American literature consists of the oral and written literature of Latin America in several languages , particularly in Spanish, Portuguese , and the indigenous languages of the Americas as well as literature of the United States written in the Spanish language. It rose to particular prominence globally during the second half of the 20th century, largely due to the international success of the style known as magical realism.
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The Great War and its repercussions divided society, reinforcing and shaping a renewed nationalism and a growing anti-imperialism in Latin America. While political sovereignty and cultural distinctness had increasingly been affirmed in the years before , the war reinforced these preexisting tendencies in a variety of ways. Latin America was linked to Europe by old and deep economic, cultural and demographic ties. Although the First World War represented the crisis of European civilization, it was unarguably felt around the world. It not only intensely affected the way Latin America perceived the old continent, but also influenced the way the subcontinent viewed and represented itself. The war provoked strong divisions in public opinion in Latin America, creating a rift between the belligerent sides; it also reactivated the national question, contributed to new reflections on national identity, and stimulated a firm and growing anti- imperialism. This article will examine the impact that World War I had on these trends in Latin American society and how Latin Americans responded to the new world order that the war brought with it.
Latina writers : remapping American literature Reconstructing childhood : strategies of reading for culture and gender in the Spanish American bildungsroman Science, technology, and Latin American narrative in the twentieth century and beyond The Spanish American regional novel : modernity and autochthony Theoretical fables : the pedagogical dream in contemporary Latin American fiction This rough magic : technology in Latin American fiction Tongue ties : logo-eroticism in Anglo-Hispanic literature Understanding contemporary Chicana literature Unhomely rooms : foreign tongues and Spanish American literature Voice-overs : translation and Latin American literature Voices from the fuente viva : the effect of orality in twentieth-century Spanish American narrative Writing Paris : urban topographies of desire in contemporary Latin American fiction Written in exile : Chilean fiction from present. The Cambridge companion to modern Latin American culture Chicano literature : a reference guide Chicano writers. First series Chicano writers. Second series Chicano writers. First series Modern Latin-American fiction writers. Second series Modernity and the nation in Mexican representations of masculinity : from sensuality to bloodshed Post-revolutionary Chicana literature: memoir, folklore, and fiction of the border, U.
Latin American literature , the national literatures of the Spanish-speaking countries of the Western Hemisphere. Historically, it also includes the literary expression of the highly developed American Indian civilizations conquered by the Spaniards. Over the years, Latin American literature has developed a rich and complex diversity of themes, forms, creative idioms , and styles. A concise survey of its development is provided here. For a history of literature written in Portuguese in Brazil, see Brazilian literature.
American literature—History and criticism—Encyclopedias I. Smith, Verity ′.03 The Encyclopedia of Latin American Literature contains entries on writers, Portuguese on the literature and (increasingly) the culture of Latin America.
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Джабба схватил калькулятор и начал нажимать кнопки. - А что это за звездочка? - спросила Сьюзан. - После цифр стоит какая-то звездочка. Джабба ее не слушал, остервенело нажимая на кнопки. - Осторожно! - сказала Соши. - Нам нужны точные цифры.
Он всегда поощрял сотрудников к анализу и прояснению всяческих нестыковок в каждодневных делах, какими бы незначительными они ни казались.