terminology in obstetrics and gynaecology pdf

Terminology In Obstetrics And Gynaecology Pdf

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Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Bleeding difference in frequency, regularity, duration, or amount from normal uterine bleeding in the absence of pregnancy.

Kolte, L. Bernardi, O. Christiansen, S. Quenby, R.

Terminology for early pregnancy loss must be changed

The complexity of women's bodies brings on questions about gynecology and pregnancy for many people, especially those seeking obstetric or gynecological care. It's important that patients are able to take control of their health and that begins with gaining knowledge about their bodies and the healthcare field. Here is a list of definitions that includes important abbreviations and commonly used words about women's health. Amenorrhea — This term references a lack of or end to menstrual periods. Anovulation — Medical professionals use this word when a woman's ovaries stop producing or releasing eggs that are mature. Atrophy, vaginal — This is when the vaginal tissues shrink or thin due to a lack of estrogen following menopause, a condition that results in painful intercourse. Bartholin's cyst — This is a buildup of mucus or an infection in one of the major mucus producing glands close to the opening of the vagina.

Gynaecology or gynecology see spelling differences is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system vagina , uterus , and ovaries. Outside medicine, the term means "the science of women ". Its counterpart is andrology , which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system. Almost all modern gynaecologists are also obstetricians see obstetrics and gynaecology. In many areas, the specialities of gynaecology and obstetrics overlap. The Kahun Gynaecological Papyrus , dated to about BC, deals with women's health —gynaecological diseases, fertility, pregnancy, contraception, etc. The text is divided into thirty-four sections, each section dealing with a specific problem and containing diagnosis and treatment; no prognosis is suggested.


Birth of the fetus es from the uterus through an abdominal incision Does not apply if any of the following occur:. Labor in a woman who has had one or more previous cesarean births. Planned labor after cesarean occurs in a woman intending to achieve a vaginal birth. Unplanned labor after cesarean occurs in a woman intending a repeat cesarean birth. Should qualify the intended route of birth on admission May result in a vaginal or cesarean birth.

Obstetric history: Link to this page:. Accompanied by arabic numbers, G, P, and A or Ab describe the patient's obstetric history. Roman numerals are not used. G gravida number of pregnancies.

This is the period after the latent early stage of labour when a woman is experiencing strong, regular contractions and her cervix continues to dilate from 4cms until she is fully dilated 10cms. You may need further tests if your levels appear higher or lower than normal. The 1 minute score determines how well the baby tolerated the birthing process. The 5-minute score assesses how well the newborn is adapting to their new environment. The rating is based on a total score of 1 to 10, with 10 suggesting the healthiest infant. Breaking the waters in this way may stimulate the onset of strong labour.

Glossary of Obstetric Terminology

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Editor —Miscarriage is distressing, giving rise to a range of emotional experiences for both the woman and her partner. The aim of medical and nursing staff must be to reduce distress, but the distress may be increased by staff taking the wrong approach or using inappropriate terminology. The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists has a study group on early pregnancy loss, which last year recommended new medical terminology that avoids the word abortion for spontaneous early pregnancy loss. We carried out a search of Medline between January and November table. We searched for the terms spontaneous abortion and miscarriage as textwords in two general medical British publications British Medical Journal and The Lancet and four specialist journals British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology , Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology , and Fertility and Sterility.

Gynecology & Obstetrics Terms

 Думала, кое-кто помоложе? - засмеялся Стратмор. - Да нет, сэр, - попыталась она сгладить неловкость.  - Не в этом дело… - Да в этом.

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К несчастью, это был самый надежный способ собрать в шифровалке всех сотрудников Отдела обеспечения системной безопасности. После таких экстренных действий на главном коммутаторе раздавался сигнал общей тревоги. Проверку шифровалки службой безопасности Хейл допустить не. Он выбежал из помещения Третьего узла и направился к люку. Чатрукьяна во что бы то ни стало следовало остановить. ГЛАВА 51 Джабба был похож на гигантского головастика. Подобно киноперсонажу, в честь которого он и получил свое прозвище, его тело представляло собой шар, лишенный всякой растительности.

В ушах зазвучал голос старого канадца. Капля Росы. Очевидно, она перевела свое имя на единственный язык, равно доступный ей и ее клиенту, - английский. Возбужденный, Беккер ускорил шаги в поисках телефона. По другой стороне улицы, оставаясь невидимым, шел человек в очках в тонкой металлической оправе.

 Что за отчет. - Производственный. Анализ затрат на единицу продукции.  - Мидж торопливо пересказала все, что они обнаружили с Бринкерхоффом. - Вы звонили Стратмору. - Да.

Gynecology and Obstetrics Terminology

КОМИНТ засек лишь исходящую почту. В данный момент мы ничего не знаем про Северную Дакоту, кроме анонимного адреса. - Возможно, это приманка, - предположила Сьюзан. Стратмор вскинул брови. - С какой целью.

 Прошу прощения, - сказал Беккер, поворачиваясь, чтобы уйти. Парень загородил ему дорогу.

 Вирус? - Его грубый хохот разнесся по подземелью.  - Так вы считаете, что это вирус. Фонтейн оставался невозмутимым. Грубость Джаббы была недопустима, но директор понимал, что сейчас не время и не место углубляться в вопросы служебной этики.

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