File Name: meaning and definition of sports sociology .zip
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Since then, many universities have established centres for research into the sociology of sports. Prominent among the topics investigated by sports sociologists are socialization into and through sports; sports and national identity; globalization and sports processes; elite sports systems; labour migration and elite sports; mass media and the rise of professional sports; commercialization of sports; violence and sports; gender and sports; race, ethnicity , and sports; and human performance and the use of drugs. Several questions are central to understanding the socialization into sports. How exactly are young people socialized to become involved in sports and to stay involved in them? Why do some continue to participate actively in sports throughout their lives while others are content to watch?
Module 7 Reading Questions
Sociologists of sport critically examine the role, function, and meaning of sport in the lives of people and the societies they form and attempt to describe and explain the emergence and diffusion of sport over time and across different societies. In doing so, they identify the processes of socialization into, through, and out of modern sport and investigate the values and norms of dominant, emergent, and residual cultures and subcultures in sport. The sociology of sport, while grounded in sociology, also encompasses research in history, political science, social geography, anthropology, social psychology, and economics. Also, the new offshoots of sociology, such as, cultural studies, postmodernism, media studies, and gender studies, are Skip to main content Skip to table of contents.
Although sports sociology is a sub discipline of exercise science, it is also a part of the parent discipline of sociology, which is the study of human behavior and social interactions within particular contexts. Sports sociology examines sports as a part of cultural and social life, and adds a different dimension and perspective to the study of sports and exercise. More specifically, sports sociology examines the relationship between sports and society and seeks answers to many issues and questions regarding sports and culture. Sports are a pervasive part of culture and are considered to be social constructions within society created by groups of individuals and based on values, interests, needs, and resources. Sport forms are created by groups of individuals. Each culture creates and uses sports for its own purposes; therefore, sports take different forms from culture to culture. This directly relates to the concept of physical activity and exercise for different cultures.
Sociology of sport
Sports , physical contests pursued for the goals and challenges they entail. Sports are part of every culture past and present, but each culture has its own definition of sports. The most useful definitions are those that clarify the relationship of sports to play , games, and contests. Play is autotelic—that is, it has its own goals. It is voluntary and uncoerced. Recalcitrant children compelled by their parents or teachers to compete in a game of football soccer are not really engaged in a sport. Neither are professional athletes if their only motivation is their paycheck.
Social Risk and the Meaning of Sport
Although sports sociology is a sub discipline of exercise science, it is also a part of the parent discipline of sociology, which is the study of human behavior and social interactions within particular contexts. Sports sociology examines sports as a part of cultural and social life, and adds a different dimension and perspective to the study of sports and exercise. More specifically, sports sociology examines the relationship between sports and society and seeks answers to many issues and questions regarding sports and culture.
Young people generally are often portrayed as being full of ambitions and hopes for the world and, therefore, important drivers of cultural change. The United Nations Population Fund describes well this expectation on young people as shapers of the culture of the future: As they grow through adolescence, young people develop their identity and become autonomous individuals. They develop their own ways of perceiving, appreciating, classifying and distinguishing issues, and the codes, symbols and language in which to express them.
The sociology of sports, which is also referred to as sports sociology, is the study of the relationship between sports and society. It also looks at the relationship between sports and social inequality and social mobility. A large area of study within the sociology of sports is gender , including gender inequality and the role that gender has played in sports throughout history. For example, in the s, the participation of cisgender women in sports was discouraged or banned. It was not until that physical education for cis women was introduced at colleges. In the s, basketball, track and field, and softball were considered too masculine for women. Even as late as , women were banned from running the marathon in the Olympics.
Sociology of sport , alternately referred to as sports sociology, is a sub-discipline of sociology which focuses on sports as social phenomena. It is an area of study concerned with the relationship between sociology and sports , and also various socio-cultural structures, patterns, and organizations or groups involved with sport. This area of study discusses the positive impact sports have on individual people and society as a whole economically, financially, and socially. Sociology of sport attempts to view the actions and behavior of sports teams and their players through the eyes of a sociologist. Sport is regulated by regulations and rules of behavior, spatial and time constraints, and has governing bodies.
The topic of risk is most often discussed in the literature on environmental, health, and technical hazards.