Synthesis And Characterization Of Copper Nanoparticles Pdf
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- Copper nanoparticle
- Green Synthesis of Novel Jasmine Bud-Shaped Copper Nanoparticles
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Copper nanoparticles Cu-Nps are one of the promising material for the advancement of nanoscience and technology. In this work, we successfully synthesized Cu-Nps using sodium hydroxymethanesulinate Rongalite as a novel reducing agent via solution process. Cu-Nps were achieved from chemical reduction of copper salt within min at low temperature without using any complexing agent. Average particle size of the synthesized Cu-Nps is nm. It is expected that the outcomes of this study take a step closer towards designing general strategies for a simple, environment friendly and low cost synthesis method of Cu-Nps.
One of the earliest uses of copper nanoparticles was to color glass and ceramics during the ninth century in Mesopotamia. When the pottery was baked at high temperatures in reducing conditions, the metal ions migrated to the outer part of the glaze and were reduced to metals. When the finished pottery was exposed to light, the light would penetrate and reflect off the first layer. The light penetrating the first layer would reflect off the second layer of nanoparticles and cause interference effects with light reflecting off the first layer, creating a luster effect that results from both constructive and destructive interference. Various methods have been described to chemically synthesize copper nanoparticles. An older method involves the reduction of copper hydrazine carboxylate in an aqueous solution using reflux or by heating through ultrasound under an inert argon atmosphere. A more modern synthesis utilizes copper chloride in a room temperature reaction with sodium citrate or myristic acid in an aqueous solution containing sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate to obtain a pure copper nanoparticle powder.
The present investigation is based on the green synthesis of copper nanoparticles CuNPs from aqueous extract of Capparis spinosa L. Their effects on liver function and hematological parameters in mice were evaluated. The green synthesis of CuNPs by means of C. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, fourier transform infrared FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy SEM , and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used to identify the synthesized nanoparticles. Later, the effects of CuNPs on liver function in the treated mice were evaluated by measuring the serum levels of enzymes such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and bilirubin as well as hematological parameters including hemoglobin, hematocrit, white blood cell, red blood cell, and platelet counts.
The novel jasmine bud shape was visualized in a transmission electron microscope TEM. The height of single copper nanobud was 6. The average particle size 6. Antibacterial activity of the Cu nanobuds was evaluated by testing against Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Nanoparticles offer a larger surface-to-volume ratio and a higher concentration of partially coordinated surface sites than the corresponding bulk materials.
Metrics details. Copper nanoparticles CuNPs are of great interest due to their extraordinary properties such as high surface-to-volume ratio, high yield strength, ductility, hardness, flexibility, and rigidity. CuNPs show catalytic, antibacterial, antioxidant, and antifungal activities along with cytotoxicity and anticancer properties in many different applications. Many physical and chemical methods have been used to synthesize nanoparticles including laser ablation, microwave-assisted process, sol-gel, co-precipitation, pulsed wire discharge, vacuum vapor deposition, high-energy irradiation, lithography, mechanical milling, photochemical reduction, electrochemistry, electrospray synthesis, hydrothermal reaction, microemulsion, and chemical reduction. Phytosynthesis of nanoparticles has been suggested as a valuable alternative to physical and chemical methods due to low cytotoxicity, economic prospects, environment-friendly, enhanced biocompatibility, and high antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. The review explains characterization techniques, their main role, limitations, and sensitivity used in the preparation of CuNPs.
Green Synthesis of Novel Jasmine Bud-Shaped Copper Nanoparticles
Skip to Main Content. A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions. Synthesis and characterization of copper nanoparticles by chemical reduction method Abstract: Copper nanoparticles were synthesized using chemical reduction method by reduction of copper sulphate as a metal precursor and sodium borohydride as reducing agent. SEM-EDS and particle size analysis contributed to the analysis of size, shape and composition of copper nanoparticles.
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Herein, copper nanoparticles were synthesized using electrochemical method at pH 5, 6. Copper was used as electrode whereas 0. Effect of pH of the electrolyte solution on the morphological, structural and textural properties of prepared copper nonoparticles was studied. Prepared nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray crystallography, Field emission scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential thermal analysis and textural analysis.
Journal of Nanotechnology
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