effects of alcohol and drug abuse pdf

Effects Of Alcohol And Drug Abuse Pdf

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Drug Use and Addiction

Drugs are chemical substances that can change how your body and mind work. They include prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines , alcohol , tobacco , and illegal drugs. Drug use is dangerous. It can harm your brain and body, sometimes permanently.

It can hurt the people around you, including friends, families, kids, and unborn babies. Drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease. It causes a person to take drugs repeatedly, despite the harm they cause. Repeated drug use can change the brain and lead to addiction.

The brain changes from addiction can be lasting, so drug addiction is considered a "relapsing" disease. This means that people in recovery are at risk for taking drugs again, even after years of not taking them. Not everyone who uses drugs becomes addicted. Everyone's bodies and brains are different, so their reactions to drugs can also be different. Some people may become addicted quickly, or it may happen over time. Other people never become addicted. Whether or not someone becomes addicted depends on many factors.

They include genetic, environmental, and developmental factors. Treatments for drug addiction include counseling, medicines, or both. Research shows that combining medicines with counseling gives most people the best chance of success. Medicines can help with the symptoms of withdrawal. For addiction to certain drugs, there are also medicines that can help you re-establish normal brain function and decrease your cravings.

If you have a mental disorder along with an addiction, it is known as a dual diagnosis. It is important to treat both problems. This will increase your chance of success. If you have a severe addiction, you may need hospital-based or residential treatment. Residential treatment programs combine housing and treatment services. Drug use and addiction are preventable. Prevention programs involving families, schools, communities, and the media may prevent or reduce drug use and addiction.

These programs include education and outreach to help people understand the risks of drug use. Resources Reference Desk Find an Expert. What are drugs? What is drug use? Drug use, or misuse, includes Using illegal substances, such as Anabolic steroids Club drugs Cocaine Heroin Inhalants Marijuana Methamphetamines Misusing prescription medicines , including opioids.

This means taking the medicines in a different way than the health care provider prescribed. This includes Taking a medicine that was prescribed for someone else Taking a larger dose than you are supposed to Using the medicine in a different way than you are supposed to.

For example, instead of swallowing your tablets, you might crush and then snort or inject them. Using the medicine for another purpose, such as getting high Misusing over-the-counter medicines, including using them for another purpose and using them in a different way than you are supposed to Drug use is dangerous.

What is drug addiction? Does everyone who takes drugs become addicted? Who is at risk for drug addiction? Various risk factors can make you more likely to become addicted to drugs, including Your biology. People can react to drugs differently. Some people like the feeling the first time they try a drug and want more. Others hate how it feels and never try it again. Mental health problems. This can happen because drug use and mental health problems affect the same parts of the brain.

Also, people with these problems may use drugs to try to feel better. Trouble at home. If your home is an unhappy place or was when you were growing up, you might be more likely to have a drug problem. Trouble in school, at work, or with making friends.

You might use drugs to get your mind off these problems. Hanging around other people who use drugs. They might encourage you to try drugs. Starting drug use when you're young. When kids use drugs, it affects how their bodies and brains finish growing.

This increases your chances of becoming addicted when you're an adult. What are the signs that someone has a drug problem? Signs that someone has a drug problem include Changing friends a lot Spending a lot of time alone Losing interest in favorite things Not taking care of themselves - for example, not taking showers, changing clothes, or brushing their teeth Being really tired and sad Eating more or eating less than usual Being very energetic, talking fast, or saying things that don't make sense Being in a bad mood Quickly changing between feeling bad and feeling good Sleeping at strange hours Missing important appointments Having problems at work or at school Having problems in personal or family relationships What are the treatments for drug addiction?

It can help you Understand why you got addicted See how drugs changed your behavior Learn how to deal with your problems so you won't go back to using drugs Learn to avoid places, people, and situations where you might be tempted to use drugs Medicines can help with the symptoms of withdrawal. Can drug use and addiction be prevented? Start Here. What are some signs and symptoms of someone with a drug use problem? Diagnosis and Tests. Prevention and Risk Factors.

Treatments and Therapies. Living With. Related Issues. Health Check Tools. Statistics and Research. Clinical Trials. Article: Comorbidities associated with different levels of total cholesterol in male and Article: Combined prevention for substance use, depression, and anxiety in adolescence: a Drug Use and Addiction -- see more articles. Reference Desk. Find an Expert. Older Adults. Patient Handouts.

The Causes and Effects of Drug Addiction

Drugs are chemical substances that can change how your body and mind work. They include prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines , alcohol , tobacco , and illegal drugs. Drug use is dangerous. It can harm your brain and body, sometimes permanently. It can hurt the people around you, including friends, families, kids, and unborn babies. Drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease.

Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Drug and Alcohol Dependence is an international journal devoted to publishing original research, scholarly reviews, commentaries, and policy analyses in the area of drug , alcohol and tobacco use and dependence. Articles range from studies of the chemistry of substances of abuse , their actions at molecular Articles range from studies of the chemistry of substances of abuse , their actions at molecular and cellular sites, in vitro and in vivo investigations of their biochemical, pharmacological and behavioural actions, laboratory-based and clinical research in humans, substance abuse treatment and prevention research, and studies employing methods from epidemiology, sociology, and economics. The goal of the journal is to provide researchers, clinicians, and policy makers access to material from all perspectives in a single journal in a format that is understandable and which has received rigorous editorial review.


data from the. Arrestee drug Abuse monitoring program indicate that in , 64​% of male arrest- ees tested positive for at least one of five illicit drugs (cocaine.


Addiction Destroys Dreams, we can help.

Drugs are chemicals that affect the body and brain. Different drugs can have different effects. Some effects of drugs include health consequences that are long-lasting and permanent.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Regardless of the factors at work, it is the ultimate goal of the nation's investment in drug abuse research to take more effective measures to prevent drug abuse and to reduce its associated costs and consequences.

Alcoholism has been known by a variety of terms, including alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. It occurs when you drink so much that your body eventually becomes dependent on or addicted to alcohol. When this happens, alcohol becomes the most important thing in your life. People with alcohol use disorder will continue to drink even when drinking causes negative consequences, like losing a job or destroying relationships with people they love.

People who have not struggled with substance abuse may find it difficult to understand why anyone would start using.

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1 Comments

  1. Sformulrisubs

    Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Substance Abuse objectives and other Healthy People topic areas.

    25.05.2021 at 20:45 Reply

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