Definition Of Discusiion Method In Teaching And Learning Pdf
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Think about the way you prefer to learn. Do you like to bounce ideas off other people and engage in conversation and debate, or do you prefer to learn by yourself and seek help only when needed? Our students need to be engaged in learning in a variety of ways, but collaborative learning has been identified as a necessary skill for success in the 21st century and also an essential component of deep learning.
The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Your choice of teaching method depends on what fits you — your educational philosophy, classroom demographic, subject area s and school mission statement. Teaching theories can be organized into four categories based on two major parameters: a teacher-centered approach versus a student-centered approach, and high-tech material use versus low-tech material use. Interested in developing your skills as a teacher? Explore online education short courses designed to give you an in depth understanding of various skills in teaching.
Teaching as a Process
The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction. Your choice of teaching method depends on what fits you — your educational philosophy, classroom demographic, subject area s and school mission statement. Teaching theories can be organized into four categories based on two major parameters: a teacher-centered approach versus a student-centered approach, and high-tech material use versus low-tech material use.
Interested in developing your skills as a teacher? Explore online education short courses designed to give you an in depth understanding of various skills in teaching. Taken to its most extreme interpretation, teachers are the main authority figure in a teacher-centered instruction model. In this style, teaching and assessment are viewed as two separate entities; student learning is measured through objectively scored tests and assessments.
Learn more about the different teaching styles that use a teacher-centered approach. While teachers are still an authority figure in a student-centered teaching model, teachers and students play an equally active role in the learning process.
In the student-centered classroom, teaching and assessment are connected because student learning is continuously measured during teacher instruction. Learn more about the different teaching styles that use a student-centered approach. Advancements in technology have propelled the education sector in the last few decades. As the name suggests, the high tech approach to learning utilizes different technology to aid students in their classroom learning.
Many educators use computers and tablets in the classroom, and others may use the internet to assign homework. The internet is also beneficial in a classroom setting as it provides unlimited resources. Teachers may also use the internet in order to connect their students with people from around the world.
Students in this course will engage deeply with the most relevant research on effective teaching methods in the higher education context, while refining their own practices, portfolio, and teaching philosophy. The online Master of Science in Teaching program prepares aspiring teachers grades for initial teaching certification or dual certification in teaching and special education.
While technology undoubtedly has changed education, many educators opt to use a more traditional, low tech approach to learning.
Some learning styles require a physical presence and interaction between the educator and the student. Additionally, some research has shown that low-tech classrooms may boost learning. For example, students who take handwritten notes have better recall than students who take typed notes.
Another downside of technology in the classroom may be that students exposed to spell check and autocorrect features at an earlier age may be weaker in spelling and writing skills. Ultimately, tailoring the learning experience to different types of learners is incredibly important, and sometimes students work better with a low-tech approach. Through these different approaches to teaching, educators can gain a better understanding of how best to govern their classrooms, implement instruction, and connect with their students.
Learn more about each one to find the best fit for your classroom. Direct instruction is the general term that refers to the traditional teaching strategy that relies on explicit teaching through lectures and teacher-led demonstrations.
As the primary teaching strategy under the teacher-centered approach , direct instruction utilizes passive learning, or the idea that students can learn what they need to through listening and watching very precise instruction. Teachers and professors act as the sole supplier of knowledge, and under the direct instruction model, teachers often utilize systematic, scripted lesson plans. Direct instruction programs include exactly what the teacher should say, and activities that students should complete, for every minute of the lesson.
Because it does not include student preferences or give them opportunities for hands-on or alternative types of learning, direct instruction is extremely teacher-centered. The idea of the flipped classroom began in when two teachers began using software that would let them record their live lectures. By the next school year, they were implementing pre-recorded lectures and sharing the idea of what became known as the flipped classroom. Broadly, the flipped classroom label describes the teaching structure that has students watching pre-recorded lessons at home and completing in-class assignments, as opposed to hearing lectures in class and doing homework at home.
Teachers who implement the flipped classroom model often film their own instructional videos, but many also use pre-made videos from online sources. A key benefit of the flipped classroom model is that it allows for students to work at their own pace if that is how the teacher chooses to implement it.
From a technology perspective, the system hinges on pre-recorded lessons and online activities, meaning both students and teachers need a good internet connection and devices that can access it. Sometimes known as tactile learning"or "hands-on learning", kinesthetic learning is based on the idea of multiple intelligences , requiring students to do, make, or create.
In a kinesthetic learning environment, students perform physical activities rather than listen to lectures or watch demonstrations. Hands-on experiences, drawing, role-play, building, and the use of drama and sports are all examples of kinesthetic classroom activities. Though a great way to keep students engaged and, at times, simply awake, very few classrooms employ kinesthetic learning activities exclusively.
One upside is that kinesthetic learning is rarely based on technology, as the method values movement and creativity over technological skills. Differentiated instruction is the teaching practice of tailoring instruction to meet individual student needs. It initially grew popular with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act IDEA , which ensured all children had equal access to public education. Today, differentiated instruction is used to meet the needs of all types of learners.
Teachers can differentiate in a number of ways: how students access content, the types of activities students do to master a concept, what the end product of learning looks like, and how the classroom is set up.
Some examples of differentiation include: having students read books at their own reading levels, offering different spelling lists to students, or meeting in small groups to reteach topics. Though differentiation is focused on individual student needs, it is mostly planned and implemented by the teacher.
And technology, though a potential aid, is not a hallmark of the differentiated teaching style, making it a fairly traditional, low-barrier method to adopt. Based on student investigation and hands-on projects, inquiry-based learning is a teaching method that casts a teacher as a supportive figure who provides guidance and support for students throughout their learning process, rather than a sole authority figure.
Teachers encourage students to ask questions and consider what they want to know about the world around them. Students then research their questions, find information and sources that explain key concepts and solve problems they may encounter along the way. Findings might be presented as self-made videos, websites, or formal presentations of research results.
Inquiry-based learning falls under the student-centered approach, in that students play an active and participatory role in their own learning.
But teacher facilitation is also extremely key to the process. Usually, during the inquiry cycle, every student is working on a different question or topic.
In this environment, teachers ask high-level questions and make research suggestions about the process rather than the content. At the end of the inquiry cycle, students reflect on the experience and what they learned. They also consider how it connects to other topics of interest, as an inquiry on one topic often results in more questions and then an inquiry into new fields. Inquiry-based learning can make great use of technology through online research sites, social media, and the possibility for global connections with people outside of the community.
Expeditionary learning is based on the ideas of the educator who founded Outward Bound , and is a form of project-based learning in which students go on expeditions and engage in in-depth study of topics that impact their schools and communities. The learning in this model includes multiple content areas so that students can see how problem-solving can happen in the real world--ideally, their own worlds.
A student in a big city, for example, might study statistics about pollution, read information about its effects, and travel to sites in their city that have been impacted by the problem. When they have a good understanding of the circumstances, students and teachers work to find a solution they can actively implement.
Technology-wise, G Suite Google Docs, Sheets, and Drive and internet access can aid student research, presentation, and implementation of projects. Personalized learning is such a new educational model that its definition is still evolving. At the heart of the model, teachers have students follow personalized learning plans that are specific to their interests and skills. Student self-direction and choice in the curriculum are hallmarks of personalized learning.
That way, students in personalized learning classrooms can progress to work beyond their grade level as they master topics, while students who need additional help have that time built into their daily schedules as well. Personalized learning is extremely student centered, but teachers are required to teach lessons, look at frequent assessment data, and meet with students to make any necessary changes to their learning plans.
Game-based learning comes from the desire to engage students in more active learning in the classroom. In a game-based learning environment, students work on quests to accomplish a specific goal learning objective by choosing actions and experimenting along the way.
As students make certain progress or achievements, they can earn badges and experience points, just like they would in their favorite video games. Fortunately, there is software that makes this process much easier, like 3DGameLab and Classcraft.
Teachers who use this software may be better at differentiating quests for students because of the data the programs provide. But it is still very much focused on the student, who works at their own pace and makes independent choices in a gamified environment. Teachers Know Teaching Methods. Teaching Methods The term teaching method refers to the general principles, pedagogy and management strategies used for classroom instruction.
Sponsored Fordham University Master of Science in Teaching The online Master of Science in Teaching program prepares aspiring teachers grades for initial teaching certification or dual certification in teaching and special education. You may opt out of receiving communications at any time.
In the 7 Post blog series, we have covered the entire syllabus of general paper to help students to cover important details in a progressive manner so that you can easily follow them and prepare quick notes based on these. Click on the link it will take you to the page which contains study notes of the given topic. As you know It is next to impossible for one post to cover the entire discipline of teaching methods. Teaching and learning are the two sides of a coin. The most accepted criterion for measuring good teaching is the amount of student learning that occurs. Those who learned more gave their teachers higher ratings Cohen, ; Theall and Franklin,
A teaching method comprises the principles and methods used by teachers to enable student learning. These strategies are determined partly on subject matter to be taught and partly by the nature of the learner. For a particular teaching method to be appropriate and efficient it has to be in relation with the characteristic of the learner and the type of learning it is supposed to bring about. Suggestions are there to design and selection of teaching methods must take into account not only the nature of the subject matter but also how students learn. It is a known fact that human advancement comes through reasoning.
Sometimes, as Parker J. The problem is that all sorts of things are bundled together in job descriptions or roles that may have little to do with what we can sensibly call teaching.
Teacher-Centered Approach to Learning
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